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Researching the mind, what it does, and where it's headed.

2016 Artificial Intelligence Competitive Landscape
AI Startups, Projects, & Acquisitions.

 

I. PERSONAL ASSISTANT AI

Apple
• Project: Siri

Baidu
• Project: Duer | video lecture lecture article article article

Facebook
• Project: M
• Acquired: Wit.ai

Google
• Project: Now
• Acquired: Wavii Jetpac Emu

Kimera
• Project: Nigel

Microsoft
• Project: Cortana

Samsung
• Lead: Nick Cassimatis - MIT
• Acquired: Viv | $30M article article article article article | Adam Cheyer - UCLA

   

II. DEEP LEARNING AI
NEURAL NETS, SUPERVISED LEARNING, IMAGE LABELING, SPEECH RECOGNITION, BRAIN EMULATION, RULE INFERENCE

Apple
• Lead: Ruslan Salakhutdinov - MIT. article
• Acquired: Perceptio | article article article
• Acquired: VocalIQ | $80M article
• Acquired: Turi | $200M article

Facebook
• Project: FAIR article
• Lead: Yann LeCun - NYU

Google
• Project: TensorFlow - article article
• Lead: Geoffrey Hinton - Edinburgh. article
• Acquired: DNNResearch | $5M [Toronto] article

IBM
• Project: Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) article
• Lead: Subutai Ahmad - Berkeley

Intel
• Acquired: Nervana Systems | $400M [San Diego, CA] article blog article
• Lead: Naveen Rao - Brown

Microsoft
• Project: Adam | video

Scaled Inference
• Project: Shared Intelligence Platform
• Lead: Olcan Sercinoglu - Berkeley

Sentient - video
• Project: Sentient | $143M
• Lead: Babak Hodjat - U Kyushu, Japan

Twitter
• Acquired: Whetlab - [Boston, MA] article
• Acquired: MadBits - [NYC, NY] article | Clement Farabet - Universite Paris-Est.

Qualcomm
• Acquired: Euvision article video

 

III. SEMANTIC REASONING AI
SUPERVISED LEARNING, KEYWORD EXTRACTION, ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY, NATURAL LANGUAGE, TACTICAL PLAY, COMMON SENSE, SYMBOLIC REASONING

Alibaba
• Project: DT PAI | article article

Allen Institute
• Project: Aristo | $79M article article
• Lead: Oren Etzioni - Carnegie Mellon. lecture lecture
• Lead: Aria Haghighi - MIT. lecture
• Lead: Xuchen Yao - Johns Hopkins.

Amazon
• Project: Amazon Machine Learning article

Api.ai
• Project: Speaktoit | $3M article
• Lead: Ilya Gelfenbeyn - U Brighton

AT&T
• Lead: Chris Volinsky - U Washington. lecture
• Note: AI famous for winning the Netflix Prize.

Cycorp
• Project: Cyc | Knowledge codification
• Lead: Doug Lenat - Stanford. lecture

IBM
• Project: Watson - Medical expert system.
• Note: AI famous for winning Jeopardy. article
• Acquired: AlchemyAPI - article video

Intel
• Acquired: Saffron - article

IPSoft
• Project: Amelie
• Lead: Ergun Ekici - VPI

Netflix
• Project: Cinematch
• Lead: Xavier Amatriain - Stanford lecture lecture
• Acquired: Pragmatic Chaos (by ATT) - Netflix Prize winner | $1M

Yahoo
• Acquired: SkyPhrase - Natural language processing
• Acquired: Incredible Labs. article

 

IV. ARTIFICIAL GENERAL INTELLIGENCE
AGI, UNSUPERVISED LEARNING, SPONTANEOUS GOAL FORMATION, STRATEGIC PLAY.

2AI Labs
• Project: Victor | $3M
• Premise: Human-like intelligence requires awareness of cooperative and competitive interaction.
• Lead: Timothy Barber - Princeton
• Lead: Mark Changizi - CalTech

Entropica
• Project: Entropica
• Premise: F = T "Intelligence is a physical process that resists future confinement."
• Lead: Alex Wissner-Gross - Harvard. lecture lecture commentary

Google
• Project: Deepmind - article
• Premise: Brain simulation is the key to AGI.
• Lead: Demis Hassabis - U College London.
• Acquired: DeepMind | £400M (~$650M) [London] article article lecture interview interview paper article video video
• Note: Deepmind famous for:
    1) Q-learning AI that defeated select Atari 2600 games, and...
    2) AlphaGo AI that defeated highly ranked human Go player, Lee Sedol.
• Acquired: Dark Blue Labs | £10M article | Edward Grefenstette - Oxford. lecture
• Acquired: Vision Factory | £10M article | Karen Simonyan - Oxford.

Google
• Project: Quantum AI Lab - article
• Premise: At scale, quantum systems can crack NP-hard problems in real time.
• Acquired: UCSB quantum group [Santa Barbara] article | John Martinis - Berkeley. lecture
• Acquired: D-Wave - quantum computing. article | article

OpenAI
• Project: OpenAI | $1B - Elon Musk, Peter Thiel | article
• Lead: Greg Brockman - MIT

Vicarious FPC
• Project: Vicarious | $70M source
• Premise: Brain simulation is the key to AGI.
• Lead: Dileep George - Stanford. lecture
• Note: AI famous for solving captchas better than humans. video
 

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